Vasyl Herasymenko

Bandurist, master bandurist, teacher, honored worker of the Ukrainian SSR, professor
May 1, 1927, p. Picchists, Kyiv region – September 22, 2005, Lviv

In 1952 he graduated from the Lviv School of Music (class of bandura Mykola Hrysenko), and in 1960 the Lviv Conservatory (class of bandura of Andriy Bobyr). Worked as an artist at the Lviv Regional Philharmonic (1952-1962), taught at the Secondary School No. 1 (1952-1956), at the Lviv Music College (1953-1978). From 1956 to 1966 he was a bandura conductor and headed the Department of Folk Instruments at the Lviv Specialized Music School named after Solomiya Krushelnytska.

In 1954 he was invited to the post of lecturer at the Lviv Conservatory named after Mykola Lysenko. The invitation of a young specialist with secondary music education and a two-year pedagogical experience was made as an exception, with the approval of the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine, in connection with the absence of a bandurist with higher education in Lviv. Almost 30 years (1967-1996) led the ensemble of bandura players from the Conservatory, which he actively concert in Ukraine, in the republics of the former USSR and Czechoslovakia.

In the creative and methodical work of Vasyl Herasymenko hundreds of translations, arrangements of works of world and national classics, folk songs for bandura and bandura ensembles, which formed the basis of pedagogical repertoire of educational institutions of different levels of accreditation. The author of the program “Bandura Special Class” (Kншv: Educational and Methodical Cabinet of the Ministry of Culture of the Ukrainian SSR, 1985).

As a teacher, Vasyl Herasymenko has trained more than 100 graduates, including laureates of various competitions, candidates of science, prominent cultural figures, and honored ranks.

For more than half a century the artist devoted to the reconstruction and improvement of bandura. He is the author of more than forty bandura models, five of which were accepted into industrial production. For the invention of new models, the bandura was awarded diplomas, certificates, state decorations.

The special merit of Vasyl Herasymenko is the invention of artificial nylon nails for bandura play. Vasyl Herasymenko produced the first bandura in 1950 when he became interested in playing the bandura and began to study at a music school (for the first two years he studied at the vocal department). In connection with the inability to purchase the instrument, he decided to make it by himself. This bandura, as well as the following 12 instruments, was made from willow by a traditional folding method. Among them was the first bandura with a mechanism for reordering tonalities (1956).

The willow that was used for instrument casing is a non-profit tree, and therefore the bandura stripping method has negatively impacted access to materials. These circumstances forced to look for another way, and then Herasymenko decided make it himself. So in 1958 the first riveted bandura of walnut was created, and in 1959 it was made from sycamore chips. In the 60’s he developed the technology of manufacturing a bandura of sycamore chips. At this time, she also made several samples of small-sized instruments for children. The instruments were distinguished by a ringing tone and were light. Problems arose from the adaptation of bandura manufacturing technology in serial conditions. Working as a part-time at the Lviv Musical Instrument Factory as the head of the experimental group, Herasymenko developed and introduced a manufacturing bandura production map in production, making it possible in 1964 to launch the production of a bandura “Lvivyanka”.

It greatly simplified the way of making bandura, increased the reliability of the tool and the cost-effectiveness of the use of the material. In 1968 there appeared concert instruments with a mechanism for rapid rebuilding. Lviv factory today produces 4 types of bandura of its design, as well as preparations for the assimilation of technology for the production of bandura of Kharkiv type is underway.